Indigenous sustainability and environmental management cannot be understood apart from a community, its traditions, and ways of practices. Interest in Indigenous environmental sustainability has grown steadily in past years, reflecting traditional cultural perspectives about the environment and developing research priorities. This book explores the ways one Indigenous community, in the Chittagong Hill Tracts in Bangladesh, has reinvented the meaning of sustainability using traditional knowledge to blend traditional sentiment with large-scale dislocations within their own communities and international economy. This book includes up-to-date research on meanings and implications of Bangladeshi Indigenous sustainability, which focuses on relationality, traditional knowledge, spirituality, and hybridity. Environmental protection and Indigenous land-water rights have been ignored in the region, and minimal research exists on these intersecting issues, both locally or internationally. Land-Water Management and Sustainability in Bangladesh addresses this gap in an examination of postcolonial Indigenous communities’ complex and shifting relationships to nature and in relation to discrimination and oppression regarding Indigenous land and rights. The book contributes to both the research literature and on-the-ground practice in inspiring a new culture of sustainability in Indigenous regions. Bringing together community engagement, activism, critical research, and scholarship to advocate for socioenvironmental justice and trans-systematic sustainability of cross-cultural knowledge, the book will be of interest to academics in a variety of disciplines, including environmental policy, conservation practices, Indigenous studies environmental sustainability, anthropology, American studies, Asian studies, and ethnic studies.